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[讨论] 关于《精灵宝钻》中精灵西渡的问题

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Arwen_JH 发表于 2016-1-23 23:49:06 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
这几天在重新阅读托老的《精灵宝钻》,由于之前只是匆匆地把邓嘉宛先生的译文看了一下,所以这次是买来英文原著进行阅读的(因为本人的英语不行,读的还是蛮艰辛的)

其实有关于精灵西渡的问题,尤其是西尔凡精灵一直挺困扰本人的(里面也有私心,毕竟叶子他爸最后不知道是否西渡了),而在看到《精灵宝钻》中“Of the coming of the elves"中有一节是这么写的:

For the kindred of Ingwe, and the most part of kindreds of Finwe and Elwe,were swayed by the words of their lords, and were willing to depart and fellow Orome: and these were known ever after as Eldar,by the name that Orome gave to the elves in the beginning, in their own tongue. But many refused the summons, preferring the starlight and wide spaces of Middle-earth to the rumour of the Trees;and these are the Avari, the Unwilling, and they were sundered in that time from the Eldar, and met never again until many ages were past.

这里大概的意思就是讲英格威带领所有的凡雅族,芬威和欧威(就是之后的庭葛)带领大部分的诺多、帖勒瑞精灵西渡,欧罗米将这部分精灵称为艾尔达,而剩下因为留恋树木的呢喃和星光的精灵,则称为Avari,意思是”不情愿(西渡)的“,以后的西尔凡精灵(黑暗精灵)中有很大一部分属于Avari。

对于辛达精灵的定义是这样的: In after days he became a king renowned, and his people were all the Eldar of Beleriand: The Sindar they were named ,the Grey-elves.
大概意思是那些跟随庭葛留在贝尔兰大陆的艾尔达精灵被称作了:辛达, 也就是灰精灵的意思。

因为还没有办法去看托老《失落的传说》,《魔戒》也没有仔细研读,因此对于精灵纪元的计数方法不大清楚。从《精灵宝钻》中可以看到, 那部分不愿意离去的阿瓦瑞(Avaril) 是经过了‘Many ages’ 之后才和维林诺的艾尔达精灵会和,而对于文中的‘ages’表示的计算年份还是不大明白。邓嘉宛先生译作的是将”age“=1000年,所以不知道这个‘数千年’究竟包含了几个精灵纪元。(我英文实在不好,查来查去只知道ages可以用作时间久远,如for ages等,但是具体年份计数真的没查到)

如果说这个many ages包含了精灵的三大纪元,是否可以理解为,到最后,那些曾经拒绝召唤不愿意离去的精灵是否在第四纪也同样进行了西渡,与维林诺和其他精灵同胞相遇,从此结束了最开始精灵中因迁徙而造成的大分裂的局面?

也就是说,在最后,所有留恋阿尔达(中土世界)的精灵们,都还是全部离去至西方维林诺?
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